7.5 – Edge Kids: Safety

First Aid

If a child requires first aid treatment, retrieve the first aid kit from the front desk and administer the necessary first aid. Refer to the First Aid page for instructions.

CPR for Children and Infants

The following instructions are provided courtesy of Mayo Clinic’s First Aid website.

To Perform CPR on a Child

The procedure for giving CPR to a child age 1 through 8 is essentially the same as that for an adult. The differences are as follows:

  • If you’re alone, perform five cycles of compressions and breaths on the child — this should take about two minutes — before calling 911 or your local emergency number or using an AED.
  • Use only one hand to perform chest compressions.
  • Breathe more gently.
  • Use the same compression-breath rate as is used for adults: 30 compressions followed by two breaths. This is one cycle. Following the two breaths, immediately begin the next cycle of compressions and breaths.
  • After five cycles (about two minutes) of CPR, if there is no response and an AED is available, apply it and follow the prompts. Use pediatric pads if available, for children ages 1 through 8. If pediatric pads aren’t available, use adult pads. Do not use an AED for children younger than age 1. Administer one shock, then resume CPR — starting with chest compressions — for two more minutes before administering a second shock. If you’re not trained to use an AED, a 911 or other emergency medical operator may be able to guide you in its use.
  • Continue until the child moves or help arrives.

To perform CPR on a baby

Most cardiac arrests in babies occur from lack of oxygen, such as from drowning or choking. If you know the baby has an airway obstruction, perform first aid for choking. If you don’t know why the baby isn’t breathing, perform CPR.

To begin, examine the situation. Stroke the baby and watch for a response, such as movement, but don’t shake the baby.

If there’s no response, follow the CAB procedures below and time the call for help as follows:

  • If you’re the only rescuer and CPR is needed, do CPR for two minutes — about five cycles — before calling 911 or your local emergency number.
  • If another person is available, have that person call for help immediately while you attend to the baby.

Compressions: Restore blood circulation

  1. Place the baby on his or her back on a firm, flat surface, such as a table. The floor or ground also will do.
  2. Imagine a horizontal line drawn between the baby’s nipples. Place two fingers of one hand just below this line, in the center of the chest.
  3. Gently compress the chest about 1.5 inches (about 4 centimeters).
  4. Count aloud as you pump in a fairly rapid rhythm. You should pump at a rate of 100 compressions a minute.

Airway: Clear the airway

  1. After 30 compressions, gently tip the head back by lifting the chin with one hand and pushing down on the forehead with the other hand.
  2. In no more than 10 seconds, put your ear near the baby’s mouth and check for breathing: Look for chest motion, listen for breath sounds, and feel for breath on your cheek and ear.

Breathing: Breathe for the baby

  1. Cover the baby’s mouth and nose with your mouth.
  2. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Use the strength of your cheeks to deliver gentle puffs of air (instead of deep breaths from your lungs) to slowly breathe into the baby’s mouth one time, taking one second for the breath. Watch to see if the baby’s chest rises. If it does, give a second rescue breath. If the chest does not rise, repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver and then give the second breath.
  3. If the baby’s chest still doesn’t rise, examine the mouth to make sure no foreign material is inside. If an object is seen, sweep it out with your finger. If the airway seems blocked, perform first aid for a choking baby.
  4. Give two breaths after every 30 chest compressions.
  5. Perform CPR for about two minutes before calling for help unless someone else can make the call while you attend to the baby.
  6. Continue CPR until you see signs of life or until medical personnel arrive.

Edge Kids Emergency Evacuation Procedures

In the event of an emergency, Edge Kids staff may be required to evacuate the building with the children in their care. The following procedures should be put in place to ensure the safety of all children.

  1. One staff should inquire at the front desk if an evacuation is in order and ask front desk staff to assist in safely removing children from the Edge Kids room if needed.
  2. Remaining Edge Kids staff should begin lining up the children in an orderly fashion, taking time to check the bathroom, infant area, cinema and closets. Do a head count of all children before leaving the Edge Kids room. Evacuation activity boxes can be taken to entertain children.

Note: During cold weather one staff member will gather all of the coats to be distributed to children AFTER reaching the safe area.

  1. One staff member will take the check in clipboard as they exit the room. Parents will be asked to sign the check in log before children can be released to them. All event registration forms should be attached to the clipboard during the shift to ensure emergency contact information is available.
  2. One staff member will lead the children to the nearest safe exit with remaining staff dispersed throughout the group ending the line with a staff member.
  3. Ask parents to either remain with their children until you make it to the nearest evacuation location (locations vary by club; Ask your General Manager for your evacuation location), or meet you in that area so that you may check their children out at that time. Staff will not release children to parents during an evacuation until they have all safely reached the designated location.
  4. Once you have reached your safe area (determined by the club) staff will do a second head count before they begin checking children out to their parents. Staff will direct children to sit down until they can be safely released to their parents. Once children have been checked out to their parents ask them to take their children away from the checkout area.
  5. Any children who are attending an event will remain with staff members until parents are notified and can return for pickup.